Economics principles in action teacher edition
Account Options Anmelden. Meine Mediathek Hilfe Erweiterte Buchsuche. Stanley D. Zeigler , Jessica K. Remarkably, more than half of the world's population now lives in cities, and the numbers grow daily as people abandon rural areas.
This fully updated and revised seventh edition of the classic text offers readers a comprehensive set of tools for understanding the urban landscape, and, by extension, the world's politics, cultures, and economies. Providing a sweeping overview of world urban geography, noted experts explore the eleven major global regions. Each regional chapter considers urban history, economy, culture, and environment, as well as urban spatial models and problems and prospects.
Each begins with two facing pages: a regional map that shows the major cities and a table of basic statistical information about cities and urbanization in each region and a list of ten salient points about that region's urban experience. Chapters conclude with a list of references, including films and webpages, which can be used by the student and instructor for additional information about specific cities.
This edition adds the important new themes of climate change and migration, while continuing to focus specifically on sustainability, water, technology, social and environmental justice, security and conflict, the history of urban settlement, urban planning trends, and daily life.
Vignettes of key cities give the reader a vivid understanding of daily life and the "spirit of place.
Liberally illustrated in full color with a new selection of photographs, maps, and diagrams, the text also includes a rich array of textboxes to highlight key topics ranging from migration and immigration to LBGTQ activism, human security, and climate change. Clearly written and timely, Cities of the World will be invaluable for those teaching introductory or advanced classes on global cities, regional geography, the developing world, and urban studies.
Brunn , Jessica K. Graybill , Donald J. Brunn is emeritus professor of geography at the University of Kentucky. Maureen Hays-Mitchell is professor of geography at Colgate University. Donald J. Zeigler is professor of geography at Old Dominion University. Jessica K. Graybill is associate professor of geography at Colgate University.
Nonlinear finite element analysis of solids and structures
WHAT The Global Report explores the role of culture for sustainable urban development by analyzing the situation, trends, threats and existing opportunities in different regional contexts. The recommendations of the Report, along with more than case studies featured in the publication, provide concrete guidelines and good practices for local and national authorities and civil society, to integrate culture into urban policies as a unique resource for urban regeneration and innovation, and social, economic and environmental development.
Since then, another one billion inhabitants and close to half a billion motorized vehicles have been added to our cities, producing an estimated 1. Our cities, far from being humanized, have become increasingly unfriendly to people. To be sure, important achievements have since been made, with tens of millions of urban dwellers lifted from poverty thanks to rapid economic growth.
Cities have always been crucibles of diversity — as well as of creativity and innovation — in which people of many ethnicities have lived with and interacted with each other. Contemporary migratory flows are greatly intensifying this heterogeneity or introducing it where it hardly existed before.
They are also making it far more complex. But while cultural identities do need to be seen in conjunction with these other markers, when we apply a cultural lens, ethnicity is the principal form of diversity that concerns us. The role of culture in fostering social cohesion and thereby contributing to the sustainable development of our urban environments has been a subject of debate through various conferences over the past decade.
Discussions have often stressed the economic role of culture, particularly the creative industries in the creation of jobs and economic development. However, what has been underestimated is the role of culture in bringing about harmony, tolerance and social cohesion in our rapidly growing urban areas.
Our culture is digital and the digital shapes our culture. It is omnipresent, like the air we breathe and the electricity that flows. A dramatic transformation is underway with the digitized city already with us, both in the more and less developed world.
Yet it needs a jointly created cultural vision of where next. The digital phenomenon is global. With increased urbanization and rapid urban development, cities worldwide have moved from a qualitative urbanism - as a vehicle of social, economic and environmental development - to a quantitative urbanism of mushrooming urbanization, devouring cultural, environmental and ecological resources. In the wake of globalism forces, urbanization has also shifted the paradigm of the social and cultural representation of cities.
Since the advent of seemingly modernist urbanism at the beginning of the twentieth century, the contemporary urban form in most cities of the world has pursued a global and cosmopolitan image. This new image of tabula rasa and abstraction has had negative consequences on social and cultural sustainability. Exponential urban growth since the Industrial Revolution has brought about new challenges.
These challenges have only increased since the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm, when the preservation and enhancement of the human environment was first put on the world agenda.
The common wealth of every city is its accessible public spaces , of varying sizes and types. Together, the combined system of public spaces offers economic , environmental and social benefits to city dwellers as cultural assets of their city for able-bodied, disabled, young, old, men, women and children. Discrimination is the opposite of inclusion and public spaces can welcome everyone.
Inherited from prior generations, cities take their form from the lands conserved and designed as parks, squares, streets, boulevards, pavements, trails and aquatic environments and accessible margins of streams, rivers, lakes, canals, oceans and more. In some fortunate cities, urban areas are adjacent to or near larger conservation areas, reserves and national parks that serve as urban cultural assets for the populace and their visitors.
Urban heritage , including its tangible and intangible elements, is a key social, cultural and economic asset for cities.
Inexorably place-based, it constitutes a dynamic layering of heritage values, created, interpreted and shaped by successive generations over time.
The tangible or material heritage of cities - objects, monuments, industrial areas, natural landscapes, infrastructures, and historic centres and neighbourhoods — enriches the culture of communities as markers of history and for creating and transferring a sense of place to new generations.
Tangible heritage also provides physical support for a wide range of social activities ranging from celebrations, political demonstrations, exchange of ideas, production and trade of cultural products, and recreation, which are essential for the quality of life of urban populations.
The scope of urban heritage, however, is not limited to physical environment. This broadened definition of heritage has been reflected in more integrated approaches to the conservation and rehabilitation of urban heritage; one that embodies a more holistic vision that considers heritage within its wider social and geographical context.
Culture has historically been a constitutive force of urban development. Today, an impressive variety of innovative practices to integrate cultural assets into urban development strategies are observed throughout the world. Harmonious territorial development and urban-rural linkages have attracted increased policy attention in recent years in the attempt to overcome the predominant discourse of the urban-rural divide.
It involves physical components infrastructure, landscapes and townscapes, etc. Therefore, territorial or urban-rural partnerships are increasingly regarded as a desirable policy action, respectful of the particular identities of different territorial components.
Through a variety of e-solutions and new technologies, smart urban governance enhances the efficiency of complex urban systems, increases the quality and delivery of basic services, addresses environmental challenges and disaster risks, and empowers citizens through access to knowledge and opportunities.
The question of financing sustainable urban development is an immense challenge, even if we acknowledge today that natural and cultural assets should be considered as substantial social and economic development opportunities. Natural and cultural assets are present all around the world with no discrimination between economically rich or poor countries.
Cultural resources are everywhere. Their contribution to a better quality of life is demonstrated, if not totally recognized, and financing solutions are far from being out of reach. Report Select language English Francais Espaol.
We have to realize that we have a very strong rural tradition and that we can preserve that. Story Grid. Baku, Azerbaijan. Kigali, Rwanda. Nablus, Palestine. Strasbourg, France. Johannesburg, South Africa. Mumbai, India. Ouro Preto, Brazil. Prague, Czech Republic. Rome, Italy. Guatemala City, Guatemala.
Kolomna, Russian Federation. Pekalongan, Indonesia. Saint-Louis, Senegal. Seville, Spain. Durban, South Africa. Montevideo, Uruguay. Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Vancouver, Canada. Coffee Cultural Landscape, Colombia. Cotogchoa, Ecuador. Dili, Timor-Leste. Rakhi Shahpur and Rakhi Khas, India. Suzhou, China. Christchurch, New Zealand. Copenhagen, Denmark. Khorog, Tajikistan. New Orleans, United States of America. Samarkand, Uzbekistan. Baghdad, Iraq. Cape Town, South Africa. Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Timbuktu, Mali. Dakar, Senegal. Maputo, Mozambique. Marrakesh, Morocco. Paris, France. Valparaiso, Chile. Bangkok, Thailand. Bologna, Italy. Istanbul, Turkey. Kyoto, Japan. Riga, Latvia. Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Nairobi, Kenya. Shanghai, China. Ballarat, Australia. Macao, China.
Salvador da Bahia, Brazil. Vigan, Philippines. Cuzco, Peru. Delhi, India. Hoi An, Viet Nam.